The presence and fate of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) and their metabolites in the aquatic environment has raised increasing concern in recent years due their potential hazard already at low concentration (ng/L-μg/L). The conventional WWTPs cannot remove PhACs sufficiently from the wastewater. Constructed wetlands (CWs) are one of the promising alternatives as a post-treatment technique to remove PhACs from the effluent of WWTPs. This work will use CWs to remove PhACs from the municipal wastewater effluent. The aim of this study is to optimize the design and operational parameters to enhance the removal efficiency of PhACs in CWs, and to use environmental models to study the CWs.
We provide a disciplinary and multidisciplinary research programme aimed at advanced understanding of environmental problems and advanced training of PhD candidates in this field.