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Climate and development links

  • 16 May, 2016
  • 29 November, 2021
  • Wageningen University, Environmental Systems Analysis
  • prof. dr R Leemansprof. dr NE Höhne

Agenda 2030 on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)’s Paris Agreement on limiting climate change well below 2oC, are two important international agreements that were established in 2015. Although independently defined, targets within these two agreements are strongly linked and the SENSE PhD application form; version April 2015 achievement of one can affect the feasibility of others. From this perspective, low-carbon transitions for climate-change mitigation is one of Agenda 2030’s most complex targets, affecting almost all other SDGs. Therefore, policy coherence across relevant sustainable development policy areas should be strongly considered when designing low-carbon transition pathways. Policy coherence can only be achieved when policy makers are comprehensively informed. This means that the necessary tools to identify and quantify synergies and trade-offs, must be developed and applied. Many countries currently have implemented climate mitigation policies and guiding strategies. Assessing these measures and strategies both in terms of their greenhouse gas emissions reduction effects and their sustainability and development impacts would guide future action towards achieving the SDGs.
This PhD research assesses the adequacy of existing and proposed climate-mitigation policies. The country-specific development needs and opportunities and the impacts of climate action on other development fields are central to this assessment. The assessment will be conducted by developing an integrated policy-adequacy framework that combines emissions and development modelling with system-analysis tools, such as multi-criteria analysis. This framework will be applied to score current climate-relevant action in the G20 countries, across all sectors but with a stronger emphasis on transport and electricity and heat.

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Researcher

Gabriela Iacobuta

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