Egypt is facing a serious problem of water availability due to the uncertainty about climate conditions and rainfall at the Nile River source countries, and the new developments on Nile River. Meanwhile, the Egyptian government initiated a plan to maximize the benefits of its water resources and mitigate any negative impacts, through various procedures including expansion in agricultural waste water treatment and reuse in farming new lands, and using more water efficient irrigation technologies in the new agricultural projects.
Till now, the impacts of these challenges and how Egypt will adapt are not well determined. Therefore, the objective of this research is to quantitatively assess the changes in water supply to Egypt, and its effect on agricultural water management, and the procedures taken to mitigate these impacts, and explore the adaptive capacity of Egypt’s society to cope.
This will be done in an interdisciplinary study using the ‘Reorientation’ framework. Field data will be collected during 5 agricultural cycles (2.5 years), for water, agriculture and socioeconomic indicators at national and local levels. By comparing changes across policies, farm fields, and water systems, insight will be provided into the adaptive capacity of Egypt’s society to cope.