Energy transition and landscape are often considered as zero-sum game: progress for the former equals (perceived) losses for the latter. These perceived losses stem from the transformation of familiar and cherished landscapes as wind turbines, solar fields and other energy technologies are introduced to mitigate climate change. As a result, landscape is conceived as an ‘obstacle’ for the continuity of the energy transition. This PhD thesis explores whether ‘landscape’ can turn from perceived obstacle into a systemic catalyzer for the 21st century energy transition.
In this thesis, a methodological framework for regional energy potential mapping is presented, literature on landscape transformation projects is reviewed to draw lessons for the energy transition and different types of multifunctional solar fields are identified. These results inform the processes of defining energy targets, designing renewable energy projects and developing energy policies and support the realization of a landscape inclusive energy transition.